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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel

References

Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC

 

Fishbourne 148.3 amphorae (FIS AM 148)

Three samples

General appearance

An orange-brown or pale orange-brown (2.5YR 6/6–6/8, 5YR 7/6) fabric, with pale brown to pink brown (5YR 6/4, 5YR 7/6–6/6) surfaces, sometimes with cream (10YR 8/3–8/4) slip. Hard to very hard, it has rough or harsh surfaces and a hackly fracture. The form is the most distinctive feature of FIS AM 148, with an enlarged, lipped rim. In fabric it is similar to Peacock & Williams Class 12 and Peacock & Williams No 66, although the clay may be denser. Typologically the vessel rim bears similarities to Peacock & Williams Class 36 (Tripolitanian I).

Hand specimen

Well-sorted quartz set in a dense, clean clay matrix containing abundant quartz, normally measuring 0.2–0.5mm, rarely to 1.2mm, characterise the fabric. Limestone is either common or sparse and occurs in the same size range as quartz. Sparse shell fragments also visible, as are red-brown iron-rich inclusions, and in some samples clay pellets (to 1.2mm). The latter two inclusions can give a somewhat multi-coloured appearance to the fresh break.

Thin section

This fabric contains ill-sorted common quartz and less limestone, set in a clean calcareous matrix of sparse silt-grade quartz and limestone. Quartz is rounded to angular and frequently measures 0.2–0.4mm, but ranges between 0.07–0.7mm, as does limestone. Also common are clay pellets (both quartz free and quartz rich), generally sized as the quartz, and opaques, most <1.0mm but occasionally up to 1.0mm. Other sparse inclusions comprise rare feldspar and ferromagnesian accessory minerals.

Source

The type is best known from Britain, although a single unpublished vessel has been identified from Carthage. Fabric and its westerly distribution allies it to Peacock & Williams Class 12, but no suggestion as to source can be made at present.

Donor

Leicestershire Museums

Museums

Colchester Museums; Jewry Wall Museum of Archaeology (Humberstone Drive Annexe), Leicester; York Archaeological Trust

References

Cunliffe, B, 1971 Excavations at Fishbourne 1961–1969. 2: The finds, Rep Res Comm Soc Antiq London 27

Monaghan, J, 1993 Roman pottery from the fortress, The Archaeology of York. The Pottery 16/7

Pollard, R J, 1994 The Iron Age and Roman pottery, in Iron Age and Roman occupation in the West Bridge area, Leicester. Excavations 1962–1971 (P Clay & R J Pollard), 51–114

Symonds, R P, & Wade, S, 1999 Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester, Colchester Archaeol Rep 10

Williams, D F, 1994b A note on the petrology of examples of amphora type Fishbourne 148.3 from Leicester, in Iron Age and Roman occupation in the West Bridge area, Leicester. Excavations 1962–1971 (P Clay & R J Pollard), 66

Plate 68: Fresh sherd break of FIS AM 148 (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 68: Fresh sherd break of FIS AM 148 (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 68.1: Photomicrograph of FIS AM 148 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 68.1: Photomicrograph of FIS AM 148 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)


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