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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel

References

Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC

 

Lezoux (1st century) samian (LEZ SA 1)

Seven samples

The fabric refers to Lezoux products from the 1st century.

General appearance

The variation in colour and composition of this fabric generally polarises into two subgroups. The first variant (i) is red-brown (2.5YR 6/8) or brown (5YR 6/6) with a red-brown (10R 6/6, 10R 5/8) smooth and even semi-lustrous slip, while the second (ii, Plate 20) is pale brown or almost beige (7.5YR 8/2, 7.5YR 7/4) with a patchy, nearly matt, red-brown (10R 6/6, 10R 5/8) slip. Both are hard with an irregular fracture and a smooth feel.

Hand specimen

Both variants contain common silver and gold mica, although in i) it is <0.1mm and thus difficult to see with the naked eye, whereas in ii) the flakes are much larger, up to 0.5mm. The fabric contains generally well-sorted inclusions (<0.1mm); occasionally quartz outweighs the mica, normally it is much sparser. Other sparse inclusions are brown and red iron-rich grains and unidentified white fragments, both occasionally to c 0.6mm.

Thin section

An intensely micaceous matrix can be seen in thin section, with muscovite and brown mica frequently present to 0.2mm, or occasionally 0.4mm. The clay is silty with common quartz and less feldspar; occasional but regular grains measure to between 0.1–0.2mm. Sparse opaques and rare chert are also present in a similar size range.

Source

Atepomarus

Donors

Department of Prehistoric & Romano-British Antiquities, The British Museum; Musée de la Céramique Gallo-Romaine, Lezoux (France)

Museums

University of Durham (Oswald-Plicque Collection); Department of Prehistoric & Romano-British Antiquities, The British Museum; University of Nottingham (Oswald-Plicque Collection); Musée de Clermand-Ferrand (France); Dépôt de fouilles de Lezoux (France); Musée de la Céramique Gallo-Romaine, Lezoux (France); Musée Joseph Déchelette, Roanne (France); Musée des Antiquités Nationales, Saint-Germain-en-Laye (France) (Collection Plicque); Museum of Utrecht (The Netherlands)

References

Bémont, C, & Jacob, J-P (eds), 1986 La terre sigillée gallo-romaine. Lieux de production du Haut Empire: implantations, produits, relations, Documents d’Archéologie Française 6, Paris

Martin, J, 1942 L'évolution des vases sigillées de Lezoux, Bulletin Historique et Scientifique de l'Auverge 62

Vertet, H, 1962 Les vases caliciformes de Roanne et la chronologie de la terre sigillée de Lezoux au début de 1er siècle, Gallia 20, 350–80

Vertet, H, 1967 La céramique sigillée tibérienne à Lezoux, Revue Archéologique, 255–93

See the related record on the Atlas of Roman Pottery on the Potsherd website

Plate 20: Fresh sherd break of LEZ SA 1 (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 20: Fresh sherd break of LEZ SA 1 (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 20.1: Photomicrograph of LEZ SA 1 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 20.1: Photomicrograph of LEZ SA 1 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)