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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel


Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC


North Gaulish (Gallo-Belgic Powdery) White ware 2 (NOG WH 2)

Single sample

General appearance

The single sample represented here is buff (10YR 8/4) coloured with slightly lighter (10YR 8/3) surfaces. It is soft with a smooth fracture and abraded surface, resulting in a powdery or rough feel. Honeypots, lagenae and flagons were all produced in the fabric.

Hand specimen

This fabric generally consists of ill-sorted inclusions, ranging between <0.1–0.5mm but normally 0.1–0.2mm. Quartz is common, followed by sparse red, red-brown and black iron-rich inclusions, which are occasionally angular in shape. In the hand specimen the most distinctive feature of the fabric is its loose matrix and the ill-defined margins of the iron-rich inclusions, which bleed into the clay. This fabric is similar to North Gaulish White ware 4, although it is finer and has a somewhat more consistently prepared matrix than its Romanised counterpart. The fabric equates to King Harry Lane Buff Powdery fabric ii (Rigby 1989a, 143).

Thin section

This sample is isotropic. Although similar in general aspect to NOG WH 1, it contains fewer silt-sized inclusions and a slightly greater number of ill-sorted larger ones. The latter frequently measure to c 0.3mm, or occasionally to c 0.5mm. Present in the larger sizes are feldspar and polycrystalline quartz, while chert and opaques occur in varying size ranges. Sparse flecks of mica are also visible.


Royal Museum and Art Gallery, Canterbury (Tiberio-Claudian forms and fabrics); Chichester District Museum (Tiberio-Claudian forms and fabrics); Colchester Museums; Ipswich Museum; Department of Prehistoric & Romano-British Antiquities, The British Museum


Holwerda, J H, 1941 De Belgische Waar in Nijmegen, Beschrijuing van de verzameling van het Museum G M Kam te Nijmegen 2, Nijmegen (Tiberio-Claudian forms and fabrics)

Rigby, V, 1989a Pottery from the Iron Age cemetery, in Verulamium. The King Harry Lane site (I M Stead & V Rigby), Engl Heritage Archaeol Rep 12, 112–210 (Tiberio-Claudian forms and fabrics)

Plate 13: Fresh sherd break of NOG WH 2 (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 13: Fresh sherd break of NOG WH 2 (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 13.1: Photomicrograph of NOG WH 2 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 13.1: Photomicrograph of NOG WH 2 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)