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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel


Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC


North Gaulish (Gallo-Belgic Sandy) White ware 3 (NOG WH 3)

Two samples

General appearance

Our samples are white (10YR 8/1) with cream (10YR 8/2) surfaces and, occasionally, a pale orange (2.5YR 7/6) core. It is associated with rouletted butt beakers, particularly Camulodunum 113. The fracture is irregular, and sherds are hard with a smooth burnished external and rough internal surface.

Hand specimen

This fabric has a clean clay matrix containing well-sorted common quartz, 0.1–0.2mm; occasional grains measure to 0.3mm and may be pink in colour. Sparse black and fewer red iron-rich inclusions occur in the same size range, while some red fragments, up to 1.5mm, can be identified as clay pellets. Sparse silver mica is visible, but not considered diagnostic.

Thin section

Abundant well-sorted and frequently angular quartz (0.1–0.2mm, occasionally to 0.3mm) is set in a clean matrix with sparse silt-sized quartz. Other inclusions consist of sparse polycrystalline quartz, chert and opaques, with rare quartzite and feldspar. Brown mica is rare and not considered diagnostic.


Royal Museum and Art Gallery, Canterbury (later examples); Chichester District Museum (earliest forms and fabrics); Colchester Museums (earliest forms and fabrics); Ipswich Museum (earliest forms and fabrics); Department of Prehistoric & Romano-British Antiquities, The British Museum (earliest forms and fabrics); Scunthorpe Museum and Art Gallery (later fabrics and forms).


Hawkes, C F C, & Hull, M R, 1947 Camulodunum. First report on the excavations at Colchester 1930–1939, Rep Res Comm Soc Antiq London 14(earliest forms and fabrics)

Rigby, V, 1981 The Gallo-Belgic wares, in Skeleton Green. A late Iron Age and Romano-British site (C Partridge), Britannia Monogr Ser 2, 159–95 (earliest forms and fabrics)

Rigby, V, 1985 The Gallo-Belgic wares: discussion and conclusions, in Sheepen: an early Roman industrial site at Camulodunum (R Niblett), CBA Res Rep 57, 74–82 and microfiche 1:D12-2:B10(later examples of the type)

Rigby, V, 1995 Early Gaulish and Rhenish imports, in Excavations in the Marlowe Car Park and surrounding Areas. Part 2: the finds (K Blockley, M Blockley, P Blockley, S Frere & S Stow), The archaeology of Canterbury 5, 639–70

Plate 14: Fresh sherd break of NOG WH 3 (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 14: Fresh sherd break of NOG WH 3 (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 14.1: Photomicrograph of NOG WH 3 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 14.1: Photomicrograph of NOG WH 3 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)