This type is also known as the ‘Kingsholm 117’ amphora.
The type sherd is brown (5Y 5/4) with orange-brown (5YR 6/6) margins and pale brown (5YR 6/4) surfaces. It is a hard, harsh fabric with irregular break. The entire body is ribbed, and it is distinguished from Peacock & Williams Class 12 by its wide body girth.
Our sample is characterised by well-sorted inclusions of abundant quartz and common limestone (0.1–0.3mm, occasionally to 0.5mm), with sparse shell fragments (to 2.0mm). Other sparse inclusions are rounded organic voids, red-brown or red iron-rich fragments and clay pellets, the latter up to 0.9mm.
This is a well-sorted fabric containing common quartz, normally measuring <0.15–0.2mm, set in a clean but very slightly silty, calcareous matrix. Silt-grade limestone is common, while larger grains are common although second in quantity to the quartz. Also present are feldspar, microfossils, ferrogmagnesian accessory minerals and a single basic volcanic rock (0.5mm). Clay pellets (some quartz free) are common, usually <0.5mm, as are smaller opaque fragments.
In both style and fabric it is similar to Peacock & Williams Class 12, and they may share a common origin.
Museum of London
City Museum and Art Gallery, Gloucester
Sealey, P R, 1985 Amphoras from the 1970 excavations at Colchester Sheepen, BAR 142
Timby, J R, 1985 Amphorae, in Kingsholm. Excavations at Kingsholm Close and other sites with a discussion of the archaeology of the area (H R Hurst), Gloucester Archaeol Rep 1, 72–6