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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel

References

Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC

 

Peacock & Williams Class 7 amphorae (P&W AM 7)

Single sample

The type is also known as Dressel 21–2.

General appearance

Our sherd is pink-brown (2.5YR 6/6) with pink-cream (5YR 7/4) surfaces and a very thin cream-coloured (10YR 8/3) self slip on the outside. Smooth and hard, it has an irregular fracture.

Hand specimen

This fabric comprises a fine, calcareous clay with common fine mica (to 0.3mm on the surfaces), primarily gold but some silver. Inclusions are ill sorted with calcareous ones abundant in aggregate, and consisting of limestone, shell and microfossils. Limestone is common, occurring in two size ranges: a groundmass of small (<0.2mm) grains and larger ones measuring to 0.9mm, while microfossils and shell are less common and occur between 0.2–1.5mm. Other inclusions are sparse, but include red-brown rock and iron-rich inclusions (0.3–0.5mm) and quartz (0.4–0.7mm).

Thin section

A micaceous (mostly white), calcareous clay containing common subangular sand grains (up to 1.2mm) occurs. Included in this group are quartz, fine-grained calcite, schistose rock and feldspar. Some of the calcite is clearly derived from shell. Silt-grade material is common, while microfossils are sparse.

Source

This sample is in a different fabric from that described by Peacock & Williams, although the petrology suggests that it could share the same general source area in Campania or Lazio (D Williams, pers comm).

Donor

Museum of London

Museums

Colchester Museums; Museum of London

References

Symonds, R P, & Wade, S, 1999 Roman pottery from excavations in Colchester, Colchester Archaeol Rep 10

Zevi, F, 1966 Appunti sulle anfore romane, Archaeologia Classica 18, 207–47

Plate 79: Fresh sherd break of P&W AM 7 (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 79: Fresh sherd break of P&W AM 7 (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 79.1: Photomicrograph of P&W AM 7 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 79.1: Photomicrograph of P&W AM 7 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)

Plate 79.2: Photomicrograph of P&W AM 7 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 79.2: Photomicrograph of P&W AM 7 (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)


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