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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel


Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC


Peacock & Williams Class 9 amphorae (P&W AM 9)

Two samples

This group provides an additional example of one of many fabrics (see also Rhodian amphorae 1–2) found in Britain, from which the vessel with peaked-handles, also known as Camulodunum 184, was produced.

General appearance

This fabric is pink-brown (2.5YR 6/6) with a buff (10YR 8/3), sometimes patchy, external slip. It is very hard with a hackly break and rough surfaces.

Hand specimen

It is an abundantly calcareous clay, mostly <0.1–0.2mm with some larger fragments to 0.5mm. The remainder of the inclusions are ill sorted, ranging in size from 0.5–2.0mm, with no individual inclusion falling into a particular size grouping. Feldspar is common, as are rounded or subrounded aggregate rock fragments, normally clear but occasionally with dark grains. Fine-grained, red-brown argillaceous inclusions, red igneous rocks, of varying texture, and quartz are sparse.

Thin section

The sample comprises an isotropic calcareous clay, containing common ill-sorted angular to subangular inclusions of clear twinned and untwinned volcanic feldspar, sparse rock fragments (mainly lava) and rare quartz, up to 1.5mm. Rare cleavage fragments of brown hornblende up to about 0.3mm are also present, as are rare flecks of mica. Silt-grade material is common.


A source in the Mediterranean or Aegean is likely, although no exact location can be proposed on the basis of either form or fabric.


Museum of London


Museum of London


Davies, B J, Richardson, B, & Tomber, R S, 1994 The archaeology of Roman London 5. A dated corpus of early Roman pottery from the City of London, CBA Res Rep 98

Tyers, P A, 1984 An assemblage of Roman ceramics from London, London Archaeol 4(14), 357–75

See the related record on the Atlas of Roman Pottery on the Potsherd website

Plate 80: Fresh sherd break of P&W AM 9 (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 80: Fresh sherd break of P&W AM 9 (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 80.1: Photomicrograph of P&W AM 9 (XPL) (width of field 3.5 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 80.1: Photomicrograph of P&W AM 9 (XPL) (width of field 3.5 mm)

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