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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel


Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC


South Gaulish Colour-coated ware (SOG CC)

Two samples

General appearance

Greene (1979, 50–1) describes the ware as ‘almost as fine as that of the samian ware made in south Gaul, but is buff or orange-buff in colour . . . The colour-coating is usually brown; on the moulded cups it may be a pale golden-brown, or darker chestnut-brown. It is usually glossy and consistent.’ We have described our samples as orange-or pink-brown (5YR 7/4, 10R 6/8) with darker (10R 5/8, 2.5YR 5/6, 2.5YR 6/4) slipped surfaces. They are hard with a smooth fracture and smooth surfaces. The type is restricted to cups, with published British examples mould decorated, rarely with internal roughcasting.

Hand specimen

The samples included here have a micaceous (silver) silty matrix in which only occasional larger (up to 0.3mm) grains of quartz and red-brown iron-rich inclusions occur. Greene (1979, 50–1) notes that mica is not consistently found in all samples.

Thin section

A distinctively micaceous clay, containing common muscovite and brown, possibly philogopite, mica up to c 0.1mm or on occasion to 0.4mm is visible. Other inclusions are sparse, but quartz and iron-rich pellets (sometimes opaque) usually measure to 0.1mm, occasionally to 0.25mm.


Vessels of this type were produced at La Graufesenque, where moulds have been found, and they may be been produced at Montans as well (Greene 1979, 51).


Museum of London


Colchester Museums; Museum of London; Richborough Castle; Musée Municipal, Millau (France)


Bémont, C, 1982 Fabrications de vases à parois fines à La Graufesenque, Acta Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum 21–2, 7–15

Davies, B J, Richardson, B, & Tomber, R S, 1994 The archaeology of Roman London 5. A dated corpus of early Roman pottery from the City of London, CBA Res Rep 98

Greene, K, 1972-3 Seven pre-Flavian moulded cups from Britain, Acta Rei Cretariae Romanae Fautorum 14–15, 48–54

Greene, K, 1979 Report on the excavations from Usk 1965–1976. The pre-Flavian finewares

Willis, S, 1990 Mould-decorated south Gaulish colourcoated cups from Fingringhoe Wick, Essex, J Roman Pottery Stud 3, 30–4

See the related record on the Atlas of Roman Pottery on the Potsherd website

Plate 46: Fresh sherd break of SOG CC (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 46: Fresh sherd break of SOG CC (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 46.1: Photomicrograph of SOG CC (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 46.1: Photomicrograph of SOG CC (XPL) (width of field 1.74 mm)

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