Also known as German Speicherer ware.
Our sample, from Speicher itself, is pale orange or cream (7.5YR 8/6) with darker (7.5YR 7/6, 7.5YR 6/3) slightly mottled surfaces. Although not all sherds are of this colour, it is typical of the ware.
This fabric is similar to Mayen products, but in the hand appears to be dominated by quartz rather than rock fragments. Inclusions are well sorted with abundant quartz set in a dense clean clay matrix. Most quartz, including polycrystalline grains, ranges between 0.3–2.2mm, but is usually 0.5–1.0mm, while sparse smaller grains measuring <0.2mm occur consistently. In addition, sparse red-brown iron-rich inclusions (0.2–1.0mm), white or pink clay pellets (0.6–5.0mm) and feldspar (0.8mm) can be seen in the hand specimen.
In thin section an isotropic clay matrix, containing sparse silt-grade quartz with common to abundant subrounded to rounded inclusions (frequently 0.5–1.0mm), sometimes metamorphoed, is visible. In the larger size range both monocrystalline and polycrystalline quartz, medium to coarse-grade sandstone and siltstone are common; quartzite and chert are rare. Opaques, in mixed sizes, and large clay pellets are rarely identified.
Department of Greek & Roman Antiquities, The British Museum
Department of Greek & Roman Antiquities, The British Museum; Museum of London; Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier (Germany)
Goethert-Polaschek, K, 1977 Speicher-Herforst, in Führer zu Sudwestliche Eifel. Bitburg, Prüm, Daun, Wittlich, Führer zu Vor- und Frühgeschichtlichen Denkmälern 33, 200–7 (summary of excavations with sources)
Hussong, L, & Cüppers, H, 1972 Die Trier Kaiserthermen. Die spätrömischen und frühmittelalterliche Keramik, Trierer Grabungen und Forschungen 1, Mainz (key sites to regions)
Loeschcke, S, 1922 Tonindustrie von Speicher und Umgebung, Trierer Heimatblätter 1, 5–13
Loeschcke, S, 1923 Tonindustrie von Speicher und Umgebung, Trierer Heimatblätter 2, 11–22
Loeschcke, S, 1931 Die römischen Ziegelöfen im Gemeindewald zu Speicher, Trierer Zeitschrift 6, 1–7