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The National Roman Fabric Reference Collection: a Handbook

Hand specimen picture panel
Thin section picture panel

References

Appendix 1: Keywords and Definitions
Appendix 2: Physical Layout of Sherds Housed in the NRFRC

 

Speicher Oxidised ware (SPE OX)

Single sample

Also known as German Speicherer ware.

General appearance

Our sample, from Speicher itself, is pale orange or cream (7.5YR 8/6) with darker (7.5YR 7/6, 7.5YR 6/3) slightly mottled surfaces. Although not all sherds are of this colour, it is typical of the ware.

Hand specimen

This fabric is similar to Mayen products, but in the hand appears to be dominated by quartz rather than rock fragments. Inclusions are well sorted with abundant quartz set in a dense clean clay matrix. Most quartz, including polycrystalline grains, ranges between 0.3–2.2mm, but is usually 0.5–1.0mm, while sparse smaller grains measuring <0.2mm occur consistently. In addition, sparse red-brown iron-rich inclusions (0.2–1.0mm), white or pink clay pellets (0.6–5.0mm) and feldspar (0.8mm) can be seen in the hand specimen.

Thin section

In thin section an isotropic clay matrix, containing sparse silt-grade quartz with common to abundant subrounded to rounded inclusions (frequently 0.5–1.0mm), sometimes metamorphoed, is visible. In the larger size range both monocrystalline and polycrystalline quartz, medium to coarse-grade sandstone and siltstone are common; quartzite and chert are rare. Opaques, in mixed sizes, and large clay pellets are rarely identified.

Donor

Department of Greek & Roman Antiquities, The British Museum

Museums

Department of Greek & Roman Antiquities, The British Museum; Museum of London; Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier (Germany)

References

Goethert-Polaschek, K, 1977 Speicher-Herforst, in Führer zu Sudwestliche Eifel. Bitburg, Prüm, Daun, Wittlich, Führer zu Vor- und Frühgeschichtlichen Denkmälern 33, 200–7 (summary of excavations with sources)

Hussong, L, & Cüppers, H, 1972 Die Trier Kaiserthermen. Die spätrömischen und frühmittelalterliche Keramik, Trierer Grabungen und Forschungen 1, Mainz (key sites to regions)

Loeschcke, S, 1922 Tonindustrie von Speicher und Umgebung, Trierer Heimatblätter 1, 5–13

Loeschcke, S, 1923 Tonindustrie von Speicher und Umgebung, Trierer Heimatblätter 2, 11–22

Loeschcke, S, 1931 Die römischen Ziegelöfen im Gemeindewald zu Speicher, Trierer Zeitschrift 6, 1–7

Plate 52: Fresh sherd break of SPE OX (width of field 24 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 52: Fresh sherd break of SPE OX (width of field 24 mm)

Plate 52.1: Photomicrograph of SPE OX (XPL) (width of field 3.5 mm). Click to see a larger version

Plate 52.1: Photomicrograph of SPE OX (XPL) (width of field 3.5 mm)